Montessori is an educational method invented by Maria Montessori about 100 years ago. This modern education pattern is considered different from other educational styles. What makes the difference? Check out the full explanation in this article.
Montessori is an educational method developed by Dr. Maria Montessori. She graduated from medical school in 1869 and became one of the first female doctors in Italy.
His job as a doctor brought him to meet children, since then Dr. Montessori became interested in education and developed this method as a result of his research on the intellectual development of mentally retarded children.
The characteristics of the Montessori education method are the emphasis on self-direction activities in children and clinical observation from the teacher who functions as a facilitator or companion. This method also emphasizes the importance of adapting the learning environment to the level of child development and the role of physical activity in absorbing academic subjects and practical skills directly.
It doesn’t stop there, this method also uses auto-correction tools to help children learn well. The use of this equipment aims to make children understand the right or wrong questions about the actions that have been done so that children can correct themselves. Now, this unconsciously makes the child understand better about the mistakes that were made, without the need to be informed by the educator. That is why schools with this method do not recognize rewards and punishments (rewards and punishments).
Basically, the Montessori education method is almost the same as the regular system, because it still involves the roles of students and teachers. However, in regular schools, all subjects are taught based on the curriculum, so that children are forced to understand everything being taught. Meanwhile, in schools that apply the Montessori education method, children are taught to be independent.
With the Montessori method, children will learn to do daily habits, such as making the bed, washing dishes after eating, buttoning their own clothes, and so on. Not only that, children who learn with the Montessori method will also play various educational games.
Even though it seems to have a free and irregular method of education, the lessons taught in this method have certain educational meanings and goals and can be chosen by children according to their preferences, according to their age.
The education system that uses this method recognizes five main learning areas, namely, Exercise of Practical Life, learning through the five senses/sensorial, language/language, the surrounding world/Cultural, and mathematics/ Math.
The Montessori learning method does indirectly help foster the desire to learn from children. The reason is, every child has a high curiosity. That is why in this method children are allowed to explore doing what they love. This is because if children are prohibited too much, they will eventually become bored and lazy to learn.
At school, even though children are free to explore, the children are still in a prepared environment. The point is that children are in a safe, clean environment or room, which supports children to explore. However, there are clear and boundary-free rules.
With this basic concept, children are free to learn anything in an orderly manner. Children can be creative with various equipment in class regularly and take turns with their friends. Children can also talk in class as long as they don’t disturb their other friends.
Not only at school, but you can also apply this method at home. So it is hoped that children will enjoy every learning process during their growth period.