Rafael's Blog

5 Types of Children’s Games for Optimal Growth and Development

Posted: April 4th 2016

Dear moms and dads playing is a child’s world. Most of the wake-up time is done for this. However, playing activities is not just having fun, you know! There, your little one will hone skills, increase knowledge, and stimulate growth and development without realizing it.

Based on the above, parents should often invite their children to play. Not only letting them play alone, but they can play together which can lead to bonding or attachment between parent and child. In addition, choosing toys that are safe and appropriate for your little one is also needed.

According to the General Practitioner for Montessori and Early Literacy Activists, Pinansia Finska Poetri at an online parenting seminar held by the Kodomo Challenge some time ago, playing and learning activities are not separate things. Both are the same. Nor does one need to take precedence over the other.

Every play activity for children is part of learning. As accompanying parents, it is necessary to know that they have playing stages, namely:

1) Solitary play

A stage of playing alone and apart from the environment. This usually occurs in children under 2 years of age. Even though they are invited to their peers’ house, your little one will be busy playing with each other. Some of the children prefer to play at home by themselves.

2) Parallel play

This is the stage where your little one is comfortable with the presence of other people. However, children still play alone.

3) Associative play

as the name implies, your child is already in touch and communicating with other people. Sometimes in this period, children observe their friends playing to find out how and the rules of play. There are also those who dare to ask questions. This is a transitional stage because when playing children still do it individually.

4) Cooperative play

cooperation in playing is carried out by children over the age of 5. Some children around this age play group games. Most commonly seen, children share certain roles in the play.

Good Games for Child’s Development

Experts also classify children’s games and toys into various types. Parents must know these types in order to choose the right toys to accompany play activities to support their little one’s growth and development. Activities that can be grouped as playing and learning at the same time, namely:

1) Open-Ended Play

Open-ended play is a type of child play that is not directed. Your little one is free to do anything with the object in his hand or move his body. This type of game is mostly played by children less than two years old. Even though it looks disorganized, anything can stimulate motor skills, problem-solving, and creativity.

Examples of this game at a young age are winning and throwing a ball, moving objects and hearing sounds, and throwing all the toys in a certain direction. Little ones who are older can be given the freedom to write out blank paper and are provided with blocks that are stacked at will.

2) Close Ended Play

Close-ended play, the opposite of open-ended. This type of game has certain rules by applying for discipline and order. Even though the child is still two years old, the order is already being introduced. Activities can be done every day so that they become habituation. Some examples of these games are putting together puzzles, matching colors and pictures, and good and bad activities.

3) Language Games

Almost all children are happy with role-playing. He pretends to be someone else playing alone or by inviting people around him. Some of them like to move their own toys like a storyteller or talk to other people who are not there. The above is natural as part of language development. Children learn to communicate in this way.

4) Science Games

Parents don’t need to imagine science or science as something difficult. Children can be invited to play science with objects around them. Just invite your little one to mix two primary colors, pay attention to the melting ice, plant seeds to grow, and so on. They will not forget their precious childhood experiences.

5) Math Games

Many children do not like counting, aka mathematics at school age because of their inappropriate introduction. Mathematics is taught merely to count plus and less. In fact, from all the games above, parents can simultaneously invite their children to play math. Examples of mathematical activities in games, namely sorting items by shape and type, calculating the number of toy cars you have, and so on.

6) Constructive Play

Constructive play activities can be done by children over 4 years of age. They have started to be invited to arrange Legos into the desired shape or arrange blocks into certain buildings.


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